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Heat transfer

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Specific heat capacity and density of commonly used substances
Density-specific heat meter for common liquids and solids
Substance
Phase state
Density/15.6℃ to 21℃
(g/cm3)
Specific heat/15.6℃
(kJ/Kg•℃)
Water
Liquid
1
4.19
Ice
Solid
0.9
2.09

      Hydrochloric acid  31.55%

(Chlorination)
Liquid
1.15
2.51

      Hydrochloric acid   10%

           (Chlorination)

Liquid
1.05
3.14
Caustic soda 50%
Liquid
1.53
3.27
Caustic soda 30%
Liquid
1.33
3.52
Nitric acid95%
Liquid
1.05
2.09
Nitric acid60%
Liquid
1.37
2.68
Nitric acid10%
Liquid
1.05
3.77

         Phosphoric acid  20%

Liquid
1.11
3.56

          Phosphoric acid  10%

Liquid
1.05
3.89

           Sulfuric acid   110%

                 (Smoke)

Liquid
None 
1.13
Sulfuric acid 98%
Liquid
1.84
1.47
Sulfuric acid 60%
Liquid
1.5
2.18
Sulfuric acid 20%
Liquid
1.14
3.52
Brine-Sodium Chloride 25%
Liquid
1.19
3.29
Brine-Calcium Chloride 25%
Liquid
1.23
2.89
Seawater
Liquid
1.03
3.94
Magnesium oxide 85%
Liquid
0.208
1.13
Ammonia 100%
Liquid
0.61
4.61
Ammonia 26%
Liquid
0.9
4.19
Acetic acid 100%
Liquid
1.05
2.01
Acetic acid 10%
Liquid
1.01
4.02
Oxalic acid 
Liquid
1.11
2.43
Aroclor
Liquid
1.44
1.17
Acetone 100%
Liquid
0.78
2.15
Alcohol contains 95% ethanol 
Liquid
0.81
2.51
Alcohol contains 90% ethanol 
Liquid
0.82
2.72
Benzene 
Liquid
0.84
1.72
Phenol (carbonic acid) 
Liquid
1.07
2.34
Toluene 
Liquid
0.86
1.76
Carbon tetrachloride 
Liquid
1.58
0.88
Pine oil 
Liquid
0.86
1.76
Phthalic acid butyl 
Liquid
1.53
0.97
Fatty acid-soft fat
Liquid
0.85
2.73
Fatty acid-stearin 
Liquid
0.84
2.3
Gasoline 
Liquid
0.73
2.22
Glycerol 100%
Liquid
1.26
2.43
1# fuel oil(kerosene)
Liquid
0.81
1.97
2# fuel oil
Liquid
0.86
1.84
3# fuel oil
Liquid
0.88
1.8
4# fuel oil
Liquid
0.9
1.76
5# fuel oil
Liquid
0.93
1.72
6# fuel oil
Liquid
0.95
1.67
API Central Crude Oil 
Liquid
0.85
1.84
API gasoline 
Liquid
0.88
1.76
SAE-SW(8# oil)
Liquid
0.88
SAE-20(20# oil)
Liquid
0.89
None
SAE-30(30# oil)
Liquid
0.89
None
Aluminium 
Solid
2.64
0.96
Copper
Solid
8.82
0.42
Lead 
Solid
11.34
0.13
Nickel
Solid
8.9
0.46
Titanium (commercial) 
Solid
4.5
0.54
Zinc 
Solid
7.05
0.4
Steel 
Solid
7.9
0.46
Stainless steel 300 series 
Solid
8.04
0.5
Coal 
Solid
1.2-1.8
1.09-1.55(4℃)
Coal tar 
Solid
1.2
1.47
Solid coke
Solid
1.0-1.4
1.11
Heat-resistant glass 
Solid
2.25
0.84
Glass wool 
Solid
0.072
0.66
Asbestos board 
Solid
0.88
0.8
Asphalt 
Liquid
1
1.76
Solid asphalt 
Solid
1.1-1.5
0.92-1.67
Cotton 
Solid
1.5
1.34
Paper 
Solid
1.7-1.15
1.88
Paraffin wax 
Solid
0.86-0.91
2.6
Molten paraffin 
Liquid
0.9
2.89
Sand 
Solid
1.45-1.76
0.8
Sulfur 
Solid
2
0.85
Vulcanized rubber 
Solid
1.1
1.74
Dry starch 
Solid
1.486-1.507
1.13
Brick wall 
Solid
1.6-2.0
0.92
Dry clay 
Solid
1.9-2.4
0.94
Cork 
Solid
0.25
2.01
Heat conduction A 
Liquid
0.99
2.64
Heat conduction C
Liquid
1.1
1.747-2.72
Fresh fish 
Solid
None 
3.14-3.43
Fresh fruit 
Solid
None 
3.35-3.68
2 parts water 1 part dry glue 
Liquid
1.09
3.73
Honey 
Liquid
None 
1.42
Ice cream 
Solid
None 
2.93
Milk 
Liquid
1.03
3.77-3.89
Fruit wine 
Liquid
1.03
3.77
Leather 
Solid
0.86-1.02
1.51
Maple pulp
Liquid
None 
2.01
Fresh pork 
Solid
None 
3.27
Silk
Solid
1.25-1.35
1.38
Soybean oil 
Liquid
0.92
1.00-1.38
Lard 
Solid
0.92
2.68
Linseed oil 
Liquid
0.93
1.84
Cottonseed oil 
Liquid
0.95
1.97
Sucrose 60% syrup 
Liquid
1.29
3.1
Sucrose 40% syrup
Liquid
1.18
2.76
Sugar, sugar cane and beet 
Solid
1.66
1.26
Fresh vegetables 
Solid
None 
3.06-3.94
Wood 
Solid
0.35-0.9
3.77
Wool 
Solid
1.32
1.36


Specific heat-specific gravity table of common gases (air density is 1.29 kg/m3) 
Air 
1
1
Ammonia
0.6
2.26
Benzene 
None
1.36
Butane 
2
1.91
Carbon dioxide 
1.5
0.88
Carbon monoxide 
0.97
1.07
Chlorine 
2.5
0.5
Ethane 
1.1
2.09
Ethylene 
0.97
1.88
Freon-12 
0.07
0.67
Hydrogen 
0.07
14.32
Hydrogen sulfide
1.2
1.05
Alkane 
0.55
2.51
Nitrogen 
0.97
1.06
Steam
1.1
0.94
Propane 
1.5
1.93
Sulfur dioxide 
1.5
0.68
Water vapor 
2.3
1.9

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